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There are several ways to prevent high blood pressure, as it creates a lot of tension to the person. The best recommendation to avoid blood pressure is to have a healthy diet and to have the proper exercise on a daily basis. Exercise or training plays a major a role to strengthen your heart which ultimately helps in reducing blood pressure. Most people, especially those with clinical conditions, reduce their blood pressure significantly after adhering to an exercise program for even a few weeks.
There are three types of people and heart rate varies accordingly
- Conditioned people
- Average people
- Deconditioned people
Resting Heart Rate Comparison
- Resting heart rate of anaerobically and aerobically conditioned individuals 60 hearts per minute.
- Deconditioned person resting heart rate was about 80 or more.
- Nearly all of the great distance runners have had low heart rates. In fact, some are reported to have a resting rate of 32 beats per minute. Even highly conditioned anaerobic athletes, such as football players, sprinters or weightlifters, have resting heart rates far below the average person.
How to Prevent High Blood Pressure
- As has been the patient of blood pressure, you have to be motivated to your diet plan. The use of specific vegetable losses the problem of stress among the patients; fruits also do this and try to eat the food that contains little fat. You must also seek to eat the nuts, fish and the whole grains.
Controlled Sodium Diet
- Controlled sodium diet also helps the patient to stun this problem. Many studies have stated that the reduced amount of sodium will decrease hypertension among the patient.
- It is a common fact that if you have increased your weight, then the amount of hypertension in you will be much more than others. Being overweight also increases the chances of high heartbeat and heart attack. To reduce the weight is the better option for you; the better is to reduce the weight of 1 pound a week. It is not a difficult thing to do; anyone can do that.
Use of Alcohol
- The use of alcohol also increases the blood pressure of the body; you have to keep the use of alcohol in the daily routine up to the moderate level. For women, a glass of drink a day and for men two glasses of drinks a day are enough. Otherwise, it will affect your blood pressure. The size of the bottle consists of 12 ounces for each gender.
- Smoking also increases the blood pressure of the person, and this habit of smoking can cause you the problem of high heart beat or even it can cause you the heart attack.
If your blood pressure is not controlled by all those activities that have described above, then the better option is to consult a doctor. He may advise you the medicines that will help you to control your blood pressure.
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Exercises Guidelines to Prevent High Blood Pressure
While drug therapy is traditionally considered to be the most practical form of treating high blood pressure, regular Hypertensive Exercise Programs has been found to be a valuable and safe adjunct therapy for many hypertensive individuals. In fact, a sound exercise program may serve as an effective non-drug alternative for some hypertensives.
In the past decade, substantial information has emerged concerning what constitutes an appropriate exercise prescription for an individual suffering from high blood pressure. Among the key factors that should be considered when designing a Hypertensive Exercise Programs for individual following facts should be considered:
- Non-weight-bearing or low-impact aerobic activities (e.g., walking, stair climbing, cycling, swimming, etc.) needs to emphasize since a significant portion of hypertensives is obese or elderly. Both groups frequently suffer from a variety of lower-extremity orthopedic problems.
- Exercise intensity should keep at the lower end of the intensity range (i.e., 40% to 65% of VO2max or 50% to 75% of MHR). It should be noted that substantial evidence exists regarding the fact that high-intensity (greater than 70% of VO2max or 80% of MHR) aerobic exercise does not produce beneficial effects on blood pressure.
- Hypertensive individuals should be encouraged to exercise at least four times per week — although exercising on a daily basis is preferable. A well-established effect of an acute bout of aerobic exercise is a temporary reduction in blood pressure, which can last for several hours.
- A prolonged warm-up period (more than five minutes) is advised to ensure that the hypertensive individual’s cardiovascular system prepares for the upcoming physical activity. An adequate warm-up reduces the hypertensive’s chances of experiencing a sharp and sudden rise in blood pressure.
- An extended cool-down period (more than five minutes) is recommended so that a gradual transition can be made from the conditioning activity back to the resting state. Cooling down helps to prevent dizziness, light-headedness, and fainting (all frequently associated with an abrupt cessation of exercise, especially in hypertensive individuals taking vasodilating agents).
- Exercise duration should begin at 20 to 30 minutes of activity per session and progress to 30 to 60 minutes as adaptation occurs. Such a time frame for exercise duration should help to promote weight loss, which has been consistently associated with reductions in blood pressure.
- Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) should be used to monitor exercise intensity for individuals taking antihypertensive medications (e.g., beta-blockers), which influence heart rate response. The recommended RPE range of these individuals would be 10 to 13 (light to somewhat hard).