Allergy most commonly occurs in the spring and fall and are caused by certain foods and pollen. The foreign substance that enters the body sets off a response that causes the body’s immune system to try and fight off the allergens by sneezing, congestion and runny itchy eyes or a cough.
Causes of Allergies
Springtime is typically the most common time of year for allergies to start. The body’s immune system reacts to foreign matters in the air that are ‘attacking’ the body. It then fights off these invaders by causing reactions such as a runny nose, cough, and itchy watery eyes. Allergic reactions from food are swelling, fatigue, upset stomach, and hives.
Types of Allergy
There are common types of allergens which can set off different reactions. It is speculated that some allergies are genetic. Common types of allergens are:
- Animal products, dust mites, and cockroaches.
- Insect stings from bees, wasps, and mosquitos.
- Drugs like penicillin and mold.
- Metals like copper and latex.
- Plant pollen from weeds, grass, and trees.
- Airborne mold spores
- Nuts, milk, eggs, bananas, cucumbers, melons
In order to recognize if you have the allergy, you should visit your doctor. He can diagnose your allergen by trying different tests. First, a process of elimination by discussing what you recently ate and any substances you have touched
A skin test can be performed by an allergist for testing and type of treatment. The skin is pricked with a small needle that has the allergen in it. For some, this may take several times to find the allergen. If you are allergic to the substance in the needle, the skin becomes red and the reaction is recorded. Your allergist may also try a blood test that takes only one needle to determine if you have allergy-causing antibodies in your system.
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction indicated by impaired breathing or unconsciousness and should be treated immediately. People with this severe of a reaction usually carry an emergency epinephrine shot such as EpiPen.