Why do We Need Vitamins and Minerals?
People always talk about fat, protein, carbohydrates and sugar requirements for a healthy body. Whenever someone designs any diet plan, always try to focus on these macro-nutrients. It’s a truth that these macronutrients are essential, but it does not mean that we can ignore the importance of vitamin and minerals. Deficiencies of vitamins and minerals may result in the lack of performance and probably harm your healthy lifestyle.
By the proper intakes of vitamins and minerals and by following a few other healthful practices from youth or middle age on, you can extend your life and years of well-being by twenty-five years
Vitamins are the micronutrients that are present in the bodies in small amounts. There are two types of vitamins which are Fat soluble (A, D, E, K) and Water Soluble (B, C). You should consume both types of vitamins to make your body active and energetic.
Requirements of Vitamins and Minerals Supplements
A human body needs vitamins and minerals at every stage of life. Our body only performs well if we give it to the right dose of macronutrients and vitamins and minerals. Let’s go for these reasons that make vitamins and minerals supplements equally valuable for a healthy body.
- Poor digestions of foods limit the intake of vitamin and mineral in the body. Such as if you do not chew well or even eat too fast.
- Excessive intake of tea and coffee can cause inflammation of the digestive linings that results in less extraction of vitamin and mineral.
- Excess intake of alcohol slows the metabolism and digestion procedure that ultimately puts an extra load on the liver and damage it.
- Sticking with fad diets or low calories diet such as 800 calories diet for a longer duration can cause a serious lack of vitamin and mineral intake.
- Overcooking of foods including vegetables destroys the minerals. Light steaming is preferable.
- Vitamin E reduces after defrosting of foods.
- Antibiotics are best known to fight against infection, but it also fights against friendly bacteria which helps the absorption of B vitamins.
- People have different types of food allergies. Such as nuts allergies and the most common gluten or lactose allergies. Skipping gluten foods mean the loss of significant dietary sources of nutrients that include thiamine and calcium.
Accident and illness
- Incidents such as burning may result in loss of protein. Similarly, surgery enhances the requirements of zinc and vitamin E.
- Vitamin B2, B5, B6 and C requirements increase because of physical and emotional stress.
- During pregnancy, extra 300 calories are needed which mean if there is an increase in fat, protein and carbohydrates requirements then there should be an increase in vitamins and minerals requirements. Nutrients that should increase includes B1, B2, B3 folic acid, A, D, E and minerals like calcium, magnesium, zinc.
- Athletic needs to eat more because of increased energy requirements to the body to perform physical activities. They also need an excess dosage of Vitamin C and iron.